You'll find the evergreen offerings a mix of traditional and unusual bonsai material along with favorite rare and dwarf selections for the landscape. I've always been fascinated with this group and the more I researched and encountered them in person, the more I wanted to propagate and offer them to my customers. Early in my career I aligned myself with a few pioneer plantsmen of the real Oregon Conifer Kingdom that were generous and caring enough to spend time with me in their nurseries and propagation houses. I am forever grateful for Ed Wood, John Mitsch, Bob Fincham, Dick Bush, Don Howse and Larry Stanley.
Most of the real dwarf selections here are from witches's brooms found on species plants in their native habitats or on their cultivars discovered in established landscapes. The others are either from sports, witches's broom seedlings, unusual species seedling discoveries, the result of cross-pollination hybridizing or in the case of new and improved blue foliage cultivars, irradiated seed treatments with cobalt60, which actually glow in the dark! (Just kidding about the illumination).
Many of these WB selections come from Europe and more recently North America where 'broom hunting' has increased considerably in the last 40 years. Over the years I have been fortunate enough to locate, grow and/or introduce a dwarf grand fir, a Nishiki (cork bark) Japanese black pine and one unusual Japanese white pine that are really unique and slowly growing in popularity with conifer collectors in temperate zones around the globe.
Please have a look around. Some selections are prone to sell out and I'll do my best to keep them stocked. I'm always striving to add new cultivars and poised to cull items that are slow to gain popularity. Enjoy and happy gardening!
Looking for a particular specimen? Search the evergreen catalog below!
In ten years (HxW): 24" x 24"
A broadly spreading semi-upright dwarf.
This European Silver fir was discovered as a witch's broom in the Czech Republic. Like most silver fir, Aargau has a wonderfully clean sparkling appearance. The 1/2" needles are a luscious green on top, a striking silver below. The buds are light brown and without resin. Aargau can start out as a mounding dwarf but a leader will eventually appear sending the form slanting off towards available sunlight. Annual growth can be 2-3 inches once it gets a good root system under itself. A Wabi Sabi favorite. Enjoy! Full sun/partial shade. Zone 4
From a witch's broom discovered in the Czech Republic in 2001, Havel is a compact spreader that will become more upright in layers as it matures. The 3/4" foliage is a medium green with 2 silver stomata lines underneath. Annual growth can be 2-4". In 10 years: 14"H x 20"W. Full sun. Zone 4
This rare Silver Fir cultivar Is wider than tall, growing as a broad based informal upright/slanter with an extremely flat horizontal branching pattern. Annual growth can be 3"-4" per year producing a 30"H x 36"W gem. Listed by Porterhowse Farms, OR. A beautiful green dwarf fir fit for the part shade/full sun garden. Full sun. Zone 6. This is a Wabi Sabi Favorite.
From the Schwarzwald area in southern Germany comes this wonderful irregular-growing, layered witch's broom that is quite unique in appearance. It is a dwarf spreader growing one to three inches per year with angular trunks and horizontal branching. The short needles are a medium glossy green. Like no other Abies. To see one is to want one! 12"H x 24"W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6
This distinct dense globose cushion was discovered as a witches' broom at Bear Swamp in Massachusetts. Always taller than wide, Bear Swamp can reach 18"H x 12" wide in 10 years growing 1-3" annually. The branching is dense and the grey-green needles are short. Full sun but will tolerate partial shade also. Zone 3
In ten years (HxW): 10" x 12"
Originated as a witches' broom found on 'Nana' at Iseli Nursery, OR and introduced to the trade in 1989. Jamie is a true miniature globe with 3/8" downward curling needles on tiny shoots that grow less than 1" annually. The new growth is a fresh light green that darkens considerably in the fall and winter. A real gem for a special place in the landscape! Partial shade/protection from hot afternoon sun. In ten years (HxW): 10" x 12". Zone 3
Another fine introduction from the Verkade Nursery of New Jersey, this 1984 slow growing, densely branched prostrate beauty has 1" light green needles in spring turning a glossy emerald green in summer. It can grow to 18"H x 24"W in 10 years in full sun/partial shade. Zone 2
In ten years (HxW): 24" x 12"
This Balsam Fir cultivar is a slow growing narrow upright. The branching is upright as well and dense along side the main trunk. The stout 1/2" foliage is a medium green with silver stomata lines underneath! Annual growth of the uprights can be more than 4". It's structure is unique and it will always attract attention in the landscape. In ten years (HxW): 24" x 12" Full sun. Zone 3
1.5 x 2.5' in ten years.
This Grecian Fir cultivar has needles that radiate around the stem similar to pinsapo, the Spanish fir. This is a very beautiful dense spreading dwarf with dark green needles and fresh green new growth. Can form a leader with age. Found by Edwin Smits Nursery. In 10 years 18"H x 30"W.
Found as a witches' broom by Jerry Morris at 9000 feet near Silver City, NM, this dwarf white fir forms a unique mounding standout in the landscape with horizontal branching and several trunks. The light yellow/green foliage appears in spring and later shows a light green with yellow tips. It is slightly arching and measures 1.25" in length. Scooter can grow 4-6" annually producing a 3'H x 4'W mound in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 4
A dwarf Fraser fir that forms a broad, multi-stemmed, irregular upright. The branching is dense and covered with fragrant 1/2" grey-green needles that have silver stomata lines underneath. Annual growth can be 4-5" along the main stems and 1-2" on the branching. Raul will be 24"H x 20"W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 4
In ten years (HxW): 3' x 18"
A unique dwarf conical fir that is a must-have for the conifer garden.
From the famous Jeddeloh family, another excellent dwarf conifer for the full sun landscape. This Korean fir cultivar is a narrow compact densely-branched conical upright that can grow eight to twelve inches a year. Brevifolia has the typical foliage shape and cones of Koreana but here both are much smaller than the norm with the immature cones being a stunning purple hue. This one would be an outstanding addition to your landscape. Definitely a Wabi Sabi Favorite!
Like conifer cone displays in your landscape? This one will definitely satisfy. Gait is well known for early-life production of numerous prominent seed cones. In ten years this narrow, dwarf upright can produce a 6' x 2' framework for your display. The branches are thickly covered with 3/4" dark green needles. Full sun. Zone 6
A particular Korean fir cultivar has been creating a buzz in the conifer world. This unusual plant is nearly silver-white and maintains this color year round.. Growing at roughly two-three inches a year it forms a compact ball and eventually an upright dwarf tree with silver hues because all of the needles are twisting to show their silver undersides. Discovered by Jorg Kohout, Germany as a witch's broom on a specimen of 'Horstmann Silberlocke', Ice Breaker will grow to a 2'H x 2'W silver mound in ten years.
In ten years (HxW): 48" x 24"
A rare, dwarf form of Korean fir.
This Korean fir cultivar is a gorgeous dark green conical gem. Nigrans is a dwarf form that will fit in most garden settings with part shade/full sun and well drained soil. Lots of small purple cones adds to the wonder of this special fir.
This outstanding Korean fir cultivar is a slow-growing(2-4"/year), robust dwarf with an irregular, globose growth habit displaying unusually short, dark-green needles with silver undersides. As it matures a few leaders will eventually form creating a upright emerald in the landscape. During the winter months, showy white buds appear adding to the year-round instant appeal of 'The King of the Dwarfs' which is what the name Oberon means. Discovered and then introduced by D. Guldemond and Son Nursery, The Netherlands in 1985. In ten years 30"H x 18"W. Full sun. Zone 5. A Wabi Sabi Favorite for sure!
Discovered as a witch's broom by Werner Wustemeyer, Germany in the late 1980s, this gorgeous low spreading cushion is covered with tiny horizontal branchlets adorned with dark green leaves that contort slightly to expose the silver undersides creating a two-tone foliage display that is so distinctive of these dwarf Korean beauties. The branch tips are crowned with cinnamon -colored buds that are white resin-flecked providing an excellent winter look. Growing 1" per year one can expect a 10 year specimen to be 10"H x 15"W. Full sun Zone 5
A tiny globose cultivar early and later becoming conical when mature, Silberperle displays dormant new buds in winter that are silver/white in appearance. Tiny foliage is green with silver undersides. Growing an inch or more per year, one can expect a plant 12"H x 12"W in 10 years. Introduced by Gunther Horstmann, Germany. Full sun. Zone 5
koreana x lasiocarpa
A unique hybrid resulting from crossing a Korean fir with an alpine fir. This koreocarpa is a slow-growing compact pyramidal beauty with narrow 1" silver-blue needles. Annual growth can be 3-4" resulting in a stunning conical 10 year old form 30"H x 24"W. This wonderful 2009 introduction comes from Buchholz & Buchholz, Oregon.
A miniature, globose alpine fir displaying very small dark greenish blue needles. It was discovered as an old tiny tree on the Olympica Peninsula, WA by Alton DuFlon in the mid 50s. It is considered one of the smallest fir clones ever found. Annual growth is not more than 1/2" resulting in a 6"H x 6"W specimen in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 4
Here's a unique dwarf silvertip seedling I discovered in June of 1993 while hiking along 5000-6000' ridgetops 20 miles north of Crater Lake, OR. The tree was approximately 25 years old and measured 12"H x 18"W. After a couple grow seasons in King County, WA I gifted the tree to Talon Buchholz who eventually introduced it into the trade. Named to honor our bonsai nursery Mt Si, Mount Si has retained its slow-growth habit and its slightly contorted, tiny glaucous-grey needles after twenty-some years in its new home in Gaston, OR. Growing 2-4" annually one can expect a plant ten years old to be 12"H x 16" wide. Full sun. Zone 6 A Wabi Sabi Favorite! NOTICE! 3-yr old grafted plants will be ready for sale Sept 2019.
Another witches' broom discovery in Germany by Gunther Eschrich, this one sporting narrow 1/2" light green needles that are erect and densely arranged on new 1-2" branching. Muensterland is a unique squat bun for the rock garden reaching 12"H x 16"W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6
Discovered as a witches' broom in 1989 by Gunther Eschrich in Germany, this rare squat globose dwarf also goes by the name 'Berlin'. The narrow, erect 3/4" medium-green needles have a distinct firm center ridge located on the underside with a silver stomata line on either side of it. Annual growth can exceed 3" with a 16"H x 24"W plant expected in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6
Like most pendulous conifers, this rare form of Algerian Fir needs to be staked upright a few years to instigate some form and its own main leader unless a complete layered prostrate cultivar is desired which is magnificent in its own right! The branches are somewhat pendulous as well so the whole tree tree will flow with some graceful downward movement. The 1/8" wide x 1" long needles are grey-green with silver stomata underneath. Annual growth can be 6-12" so one can expect 5'H x 3'W in 10 years. Full sun to entice this beauty into a magnificient focal point in the landscape. Zone 6
This Spanish fir is a magnificient cultivar with stiff, short needles and reddish-purple 'pollen' cones that contrast beautifully with the light blue needles. 'Horstmann' was discovered in Germany as a witch's broom in a specimen of pinsapo 'Glauca' by Gunther Horstmann. It grows slowly at first but gains momentum as it ages adding 6-8" per year. It normally grows into an irregular spreading mound and will eventually produce an upright leader which will allow one to enjoy a stunning horizontal AND upright specimen all at once! Full sun and well drained soil for best appearance. Horstmann is EXTREMELY tolerant of drought. A 3'H x 2'W garden gem can be acheived in 10 years. Zone 6 A Wabi Sabi Favorite.
Another special conifer from Porterhowse Farms listed in 2009. Soltau is a bluish-green Spanish fir that grows upright 4-6 " annually. In 10 years 6'H x 4'W.
Located in the Riff Mountains of Morocco at 5000-6000' elevation, this variety of Spanish fir is quite similar in habit to the species pinsapo of Spain. Mature 3/4" foliage can be grey-green to blue-grey with soft flexible, new growth always a prominent light blue. Marocana is a compact dense smaller version growing 8-12" per year into a narrow conical specimen. Expect a tree 5'H x 3W' in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6
Discovered as a sport on a noble fir in the UK 1895. It's a low spreading plant with young soft light and mature dark blue 1.5" needles. The new growth is powder blue and can be as much as 6-8" annually. A remarkable piece for a prominent spot in the landscape that will grow to a 2'H x 5'W specimen in 10 years. A Wabi Sabi Favorite! Full sun. Zone 6
A handsome, slow-growing prostrate tree with 1.5" soft bluish-green foliage. Found by Barbara and Delbert Hupp before 1995 near Silverton, OR. Annual growth can eventually become 8-10" producing a 4'H x 8'W plant in 10 years. A gorgeous conifer for the landscape and what an aroma! Full sun. Zone 5 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
procera x koreana
A very special Abies hybrid created by crossing a noble fir (procera) with a Korean fir (koreana) resulting in this unique bluish-green needled upright (Procekor fir). The new 3/4" long round-tipped, narrow needles resemble the sturdy noble foliage, yet the procekor needles smell like the Korean's. Annual growth 6-8". A 4'H x 2.5'W specimen in 10 years. Nice plant! Great aroma! Full sun Zone 5
A gorgeous miniature variety of Veitch's fir of Japan, Rumburk is a very dense, spreading shrub covered with silver-green 3/4"- 1" needles. Discovered 1972 as a witch's broom in Rumburk, Czech Republic and Introduced by Kenwith Nursery, UK 2003, this unique-looking, hardy fir can grow 4-6" annually creating a nest-forming, squat conifer measuring 12"H x 24"W in 10 years. PARTIAL SHADE. Zone 3
Dwarf atlas cedars are wonderful in the landscape and for building great outdoor bonsai. Hillier's WB is a mounding blue-green beauty. Grown in full sun the needles stay extremely small and hold their blue color well and going more green if in the shade. It can be staked up for more vertical applications or trained as an awesome cascade over a rock wall! New growth can be 3-5 inches per year. In 10 years 15"H x 36"W. Zone 6 A beauty in any application!
This powder-blue atlas cedar is a wonderful 1988 selected-seedling introduction from Gunther Horstmann , Germany. It's a narrow, slow-growing upright with horizontal branches and multiple trunks reaching 6'H x 3'W in 10 years. Annual growth is 6-10". An excellent choice for the landscape and bonsai creation. Full sun Zone 6
This 1/2" needled Atlas Cedar cultivar is from a witch's broom discovered in Zebulon, NC in the 90s. Sapphire Nymph is a blue prostrate-growing shrub that naturally layers itself as it slowly grows up and out at a rate of 3-6" per year. The branch/trunk unions throughout the plant are somewhat fragile so some caution when pruning, staking and cleaning up should be observed. I advise keeping the branching cut short during the grow season and be prepared to cover the plant where heavy snowfall is expected. I would not plant this beauty along a busy pathway! With annual pruning and some creative staking over the years, it'll become a remarkable aesthetic addition to the garden. Full sun and good drainage. In ten years (HxW): 24" x 30"
Native to the Atlas Mountains of Morocco at altitudes of 5000'-8000' where abundant snowfall still provides adequate deep moisture for the cedars' long hot summers. The atlas cedar has given us many amazing varieties over the last century or so either as unique seedlings, unusual sports and/or amazing witches' brooms. It has also been widely used for the creation of stunning bonsai artwork in the temperate zones all round the world. I use 2-3 yr old seedlings as grafting understock occasionally and then end up growing all my failed grafts for a few years and turn them into 8-9 yr old pre bonsai offerings. There are 8-15" tall slanting and informal uprights in 2 gallon cans available. Priced at $150.
Here's a real natural for bonsai creation and/or a stunning focal piece for the landscape. A 1960s selected seedling from Harold Epstein, NY, it's an irregular, upright, dwarf cedar tree with 1/2" green needles and 6-10" annual growth. If staked early, 6'H x 4'W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 7 A Wabi Sabi Favorite! Available Oct 2019
A miniature Cyprian cedar introduced 1992 by Kenwith Nursery, UK. It's a multi-stemmed fastigiate upright with an open structure sporting tiny 3/8" green needles. Annual growth can be as much as 1-2" resulting in a 10 year old becoming a unique 10"H x 6"W plant. Full sun. Zone 7
Introduced by William Goddard, Canada in 1984. An open horizontal branched, narrow upright with 1/2", dark green needles. Once established, Treveron can grow 18-24" a year and develop into a 12'H x 5'W spire in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 7
Native only to the island of Cyprus, this magnificent, medium-size cedar produces wide horizontal branching covered with the tiniest green needles of any Cedrus species. I have nurtured five beauties for the past twenty-five years and am in awe of them on a regular basis. Brevifolia is a significant statement in the landscape and a real attraction in the bonsai collection with its flexible trunk and branching plus 3/4" foliage. They grow to be 40'-60' open branched uprights with broad canopies. Once established brevifolia can grow 12" per year. In 10 years 8'h x 6'W. Full sun. Zone 7 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
A dense globose, becoming conical, bluish-grey beauty for the landscape or bonsai collection. Discovered as a select seedling and named in honor of Bill Divine of Maryland, 'DB' can grow as much as 6-10" annually and reach 4'H x 3'W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6 Becoming a Wabi Sabi Favorite!
This Cedar of Lebanon cultivar is as good as it gets when referring to small/medium size focal points in the landscape and/or cornerstones in a bonsai collection. The name 'Green Prince' is so well chosen for this aristocrat of dwarf conifers. It is definitely an upright grower with no two trunk lines ever alike. The branching splays out horizontally in a most aesthetic sense that even twenty year olds look much older than their age would imply. The needles are a rich dark green contrasting with the lighter new growth that appears in early spring and again in late summer. The eight foot specimen pictured is one I've enjoyed for over twenty years and have propagated from it often. It grows 2"- 4" a year in full sun. In 10 years 3'H x 2'W. Zone 6
A very unusual dwarf selection from seed by Iseli Nursery, OR 1980s. It has produced a slow-growing narrow upright. The dark green foliage is tight and sculpted making for a remarkable plant for the landscape or bonsai creation. Protection from hot afternoon sun is recommended to discourage burnt foliage. Annual growth is less than 1" in the branching and a bit more in the apex. In 10 years 15"H x 10"W. Partial Shade. Zone 5
In ten years (HxW): 12" x 12"
A Wabi Sabi favorite
This miniature hinoki cypress is a broad-based, compact, upright dwarf with rich emerald foliage fans that fit close either side by side or one above the other. Growth when young can be as much as an inch a year. My 60 year old specimen Hage pictured in the top photo has put out for the first time ever, two inches of growth this year, perfect for cutting propagation this fall! Original plant came from Holland in 1928. Back in the day I used to walk rows of hinoki looking for Hage with apical dominance to use for upright bonsai creations. They were hard to find then and they're still difficult to locate now as well. Cuttings taken from side branches produce mounding hinoki for many years until one year an upright shoot will make an appearance to start things vertically. I root only cuts taken from uprights so I know in the future they'll be much like my old specimen which has two tops now and measures seven feet wide and five feet tall.
I've been growing this variety for only eight years and have already grown an immense affinity for 'Leprechaun', another excellent 1960s seedling selection from Joel Spingarn of Long Island, NY. It's an irregular upright with compact dark green foliage, horizontal branching and annual growth of 1-2". Another WSB Fav. In 10 years 18"H x 12"W. Full sun. Zone 5
A bun shaped hinoki that eventually becomes a broad-based pyramid, Maureen will grow to 20"H x 30" wide in 10 years. This beauty was discovered by plantsman Ed Rezek of Long Island, NY as an unusual seedling in the 80s and named after his wife. The branchlets extend out away from the trunk and are covered by the surrounding lacy two-toned green foliage which is very distinctive. Protect from afternoon summer sun. Zone 5
A true dwarf hinoki that originated in Japan one hundred-fifty years ago, 'Nana' is a slow-growing, broad-based, irregular upright with gorgeous, dark green cupped sprays of foliage that tightly cover the entire plant. Eventually opening up some to reveal inner structure Pictured is my buddy Don Howse standing beside a 50+ year old specimen. 'Nana' can reach 3'H x 3'W in 30 years. Growing 1" or less per year, a 10 year old can measure 10"H x 6"W. Partial shade/full sun. Zone 5
A slow-growing miniature hinoki with rich dark-green compact foliage, Rezek is a dwarf pyramidal conifer reaching 20"H x 12"W in 10 years. Originated in 1970 by Ed Rezek of NY, it is always a highly desirable, unique cypress. Full sun. Zone 5
With a bit of annual pruning, this one can become a magnificent focal point in the landscape and/or a remarkable bonsai in one’s collection. Joe Reis of Long Island, NY selected this along with a few other fine varieties from his collection of seedlings he'd cultivated over the years. He had Mitsch Nursery name and introduce this one to the world. Reis Dwarf is a slow-growing, narrow upright. It tends to grow sparse horizontal and upward whips and then fills them all in over the years with fans of nice dark green compact hinoki foliage. These can be left on their own or shortened. In ten years 4'H x 2'W. A unique plant and definitely a Wabi Sabi Favorite! Partial shade or full sun. Zone 5
Shimpaku juniper grow in the mountains of Japan and China. Varieties Itoigawa and Kishu are two natural strains of shimpaku that are used extensively for bonsai and niwaki. I have grown, trained and propagated the Kishu shimpaku for over thirty years. It is an exceptional juniper for aesthetic applications. My very first plants of Kishu came from Mr. Ishii of Chikugo-en in Gardena, CA. The foliage is dark green, soft and dense. The cinnamon bark is flaky on the surface and smooth underneath. Truly a worthy subject for the creation of bonsai and niwaki.
From a witch's broom found in Cherry Valley cemetery, Illinois, this dwarf form of European larch is covered with 1" bright green needles from spring til fall then becomes a rich gold upright for a month or two before dropping all its foliage for the winter months. CV can grow 6-10" per year and become a small tree of 5'H x 4'W or more in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 3 My first offering will be October 2018 for these beautiful compact larch.
A unique dwarf selection of European larch that originated as a select seedling from the Uwe Horstmann Nursery, Germany in 2003. It is a slow-growing irregular upright with bright green 1" needles on twisting and contorting somewhat pendulous branches. The stems are a light tan color for a few years before the bark matures darker. Growing 6-10" per year, a 10 year old can be 6'H x 4'W. Full sun. Zone 3
This dwarf selection of European Larch comes from a witch's broom discovered and introduced by Yamina Rare Plant Nursery, Australia. Little Bogle is a bushy, irregular upright with slight twisting branches that adds lots of natural character to this Wabi Sabi Favorite. Bright green 1" needles during the grow season which can cover nearly all one year old branch surfaces is followed by golden -yellow fall coloration which last for weeks on end. Growing 4-6" annually will give rise to a 4'H x 3'W gem for the landscape in 10 years time. Full sun. Zone3. A real beauty!
A remarkable strong weeper from Hungary forms a light -green lacy curtain cascading in all direcions around a staked upright form of your choosing. Growing 8-12" per year the branching will easily flow down forming a skirt at its base which will cover rock and ground alike. Like all Larix the fall coloration is a refreshing golden-yellow before needle-drop in late November. Awarded a 'Collectors Conifer of the Year 2010', Puli is like no other weeper introduced so far. Full sun/partial shade. Zone3
Hybrids formed between Larix decidua and Larix kaempferi labelled the 'Dunkeld larches' of Scotland have given rise to a few outstanding cultivars that are worthy of much acclaim. 'Umhausen' is a refreshing dwarf globose bush of short bright -green needles on densely-arranged, beautiful tan stems and trunks. Annual growth is 1-2" per year. A 10 year old plant can measure 1.5'H x 1.5'W. Easily identified with or without the needles in place! Full sun. Zone 5
From a witch's broom, this globose European Larch has a central leader that eventually splits out into others to form a 3'H x 3'W sphere in 10 years that is an attraction in the landscape during the grow season or the dormant one. Needles are thin, medium-green 3/4"wispy clusters from buds that completely cover the tan-colored stems and branchlets. Annual growth is 4-6" with the 1" side-branchlets forming near the tips during the summer months. Fall coloration is orange/gold turning light brown before falling. Full sun. Zone 4
From a witch's broom discovered at Jeddeloh Nursery, Germany in the 80s, this robust yet slow-growing larch forms an irregular, layered plant that is always wider than tall. Foliage is a light blue-green in the spring then flushes out again in the summer with new silver-blue needles. New growth can be 6-10" per grow season resulting in a 3'H x 4'W beauty in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 4
This outstanding Japanese Larch cultivar has soft new blue needles and a narrow conical habit. 'Rabbit' is fast growing, my nine year old stock plants added nearly four feet of vertical trunk this past grow season, practically doubling last year's height. New branches appearing somewhat horizontal, easily can grow 6-12" a season. Fall color is yellow-orange! Purple seed cones against the blue needles will be stunning. Full sun for 'Blue Rabbit' with no sunburn! Zone 4
CW' is a wonderful small conifer for the landscape or containers. The single irregular leader weaves its way upward with lots of branches that twist and turn a bit as they lengthen. Like many of the kaempferi cultivars, the spring growth emerges a bright green then the summer flush shows more blue than green, a nice touch and an added bonus for the landscape. Fall colors range from orange to yellow. Annual growth can vary from 3"- 6" whether it be branch length or apex growth. Full sun for 'CW' Zone 4
Another remarkable introduction from Gunther Horstmann, Germany, 'Haverbeck' was discovered as a witch's broom in the early 80s. This dense dwarf is always wider than tall built with thick branches and trunk that are always marked with white resin flecks. The needles are a bluish-green and less that 1" in length. Annual growth can be 3-6"on a 10 year old plant measuring 20"H x 30"W. Full sun. Zone 4. A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
A remarkable narrow fastigiate upright that can grow to 10' in ten years. All branches are covered in light green needles. Discovered and introduced by Arne Jakobsen, Denmark in the early '80s. Full sun. Zone 4. Plants available Oct 2018.
Originated from a selected seedling by my dear friend, Ed Wood, Bonsai Village, OR. 'PL' is a unique narrow upright with ascending branches that twist and turn as they proceed upward in an irregular wonderful way. The real surprise are all the tiny cones produced at an early age that adorn many of the 3-5 year old branches. Annual growth can be as much as 8-12" in the apex and side branching. A 10 year old 'PL' can reach 10'H x 4'W. Full sun. Zone 4
A strong pendulous plant with a central leader that left to its own, will eventually become a groundcover. Annual growth can be 3-4'. With some creative staking and judicious pruning throughout the years, a most attractive specimen can be enjoyed. Heck the journey alone is much fun and very rewarding. Like most Larix, the newer rich reddish-brown shoots on this one are very flexible and can be staked, wired, propped and/or twined into positions that are advantageous to a desired form. This is my most favorite pendulous plant to encourage into stunning landscape forms. The foliage appears green in the spring. The second flush in the summer is greenish blue. When pruning pendulous shoots any time of the grow season the resulting glaucous growth is always perpendicular and juts out to widen the form, add a layer and create more space. In the case of pruning shoots on an upward slanting trunk section, the new growth arches up allowing for more height, another upper layer and perhaps a much needed direction change. Possibilities are many with this wonderful old kaempferi cultivar from the Hermann Hesse Nursery, Germany 1890s.
Discovered high up in a tree in St. Anthonis, The Netherlands which the locals call St. Tunnis, this witch's broom possesses a most unique form. It appears as a flattened globe with distinct branch layers stacked close yet still intact after the compressing. The dormant one pictured here is an 8 year old that measures 11"H x 17"W. Annual growth can be as much as 4-5". The 1" needles are a light blue-green during the grow season and a soft yellow in the fall. Full sun. Zone 4. Plants available Oct. 2018
Another excellent witch's broom offering from Gunter Horstmann, Germany. Named after his village where his home and nursery are located, this compact dwarf is an irregular wide spreader with 1" green spring needles then glaucous foliage after the summer flush. I use it for bonsai creation because of the stout trunk and branch formation which always impresses. Annual growth can be anywhere from 4-10" producing a 10 year old plant measuring 3'H x 5'W. Full sun. Zone 4 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
From a witch's broom discovered in 1972 by Gunter Horstmsnn in Wehlen, Germany. 'Whelen' is a layered spreading plant with a central leader growing 2-4" per year. 3/4" needles are a grey-green during the grow season and a warm gold then turning tan for 6-8 weeks before falling off. This 10 year-old plant pictured measures 12" high and 22" wide. Full sun. Zone 4. A Wabi Sabi Favorite! Available Oct 2018
Named in honor of his daughter, Dr. Sidney Waxman had selected this gorgeous cultivar of American larch(tamarack) from seed he had collected by accurately shooting cones off of witch's brooms discovered high up in old specimens of tamarack. His seed trials at the University of CT produced numerous exciting new cultivars, 'Deborah Waxman' being one of his gems. This one's a broad-based upright with dense semi-fastigiate branching covered with light, blue-green 5/8" needles. Tamarack seed cones are the smallest of the Larix and can be quite attractive with shades of red/purple as they grow and mature. Annual growth can be 2-4" producing a 10 year old plant 3'H x 3'W. Full sun. Zone 4 Available Oct 2018
This is another of Dr. Sidney Waxman's incredible seedling selections from witch's broom cones collected in the wild. 'Newport Beauty' is a real miniature tamarack with an annual growth of 1-2" and its dense twiggy branching covered with wispy 1/2" blue-green needles. Expect a 12"H x 20"W plant after 10 years of growth. Full sun. Zone 4. I've had to wait a couple years to cut more scion wood so I'm grafting more this (2018) winter with some available this coming Oct 2018. Enjoy!
This American Larch cultivar is one of the smallest witch's broom Larix I've encountered. With half-inch blue-green foliage and one inch spacing between the nodes, 'Smurf' is a true miniature tamarack. My eight year olds are all of ten inches tall with a fourteen inch branch spread at the base. One can expect a whopping 12"H x 16"W specimen after 10 years of growth. Full sun. Zone 4
Sibirica is one tough larch! It grows across Russia to the northern tree limit and into western Mongolia and northwestern China to altitudes as high as 7000'. The cultivar 'Conica' was introduced in 1990 by Iseli Nursery, OR. It's a semi-dwarf narrow conical tree to 20' with slight fastigiate branching. The wispy, light-green 2" needles against the current years 6-10" light-tan branches makes for a very pleasing contrast of summer colors which will be eventually replaced by the 4-week larix fall color display of bright yellow needles before the onset of winter. Full sun. Zone 2-4
From a selected seedling grown and chosen by Dr. John Kuser, Rutgers University, NJ, this choice, dwarf upright cultivar started out as seed sent from China in 1992. The small blue-green foliage is typical dawn redwood in structure with nodding tips. Fall colors are orange to brilliant yellow before dropping from the branching. The rough outer bark has a rich red-brown spongy characteristic to it. Annual growth is 4-8" producing a landscape tree 4'H x 4'W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 4.
Unusual growth spurts on this dwarf, irregular, upright Norway Spruce cultivar. It was discovered in 1970 and later introduced by Rudi Kluis of New Jersey. Irregular is the key word here, Kluis will be a miniature green ball for a few years when young then one grow season add another 4-8" to its height followed by another miniature year then another spurt or two of elongation. It all works out though with the end result a fine 4'H x 3'W upright in ten years of starts and stops. Full sun. Zone 3
'Pine Glenn' was discovered by Joe Stupka at his nursery in PA in the early 90s. It was a witch's broom on a 'Nidiformis'. This miniature, flattened globe grows 3/4" per year horizontally and 1/2"vertically. My 13 year old 'Pine Glenn are 8" tall and 13" wide and extremely healthy. Needles are 3/8" long with 2 faint double dotted rows of stomata in place. The amasing thing I noticed last year was that there is little or no needle drop on these plants. I went to clean out under them and there was no dead needles? I looked down inside the crown and there was all live healthy needles! Full sun. Zone 3
'Red Devil' is a handsome dwarf globose cultivar. It is rarely offered to the public. From a witch's broom on a mature 'Acrocona' belonging to Horst Jeddeloh, Mollala, OR, 'RD" is a stoutly built plant with short, thick green needles, thick stubby branchlets and a dense stocky posture. A 10 year old stands 12"H x 14"W growing 1-2" per year. Like 'RD's parent, it can produce red seed cones at the branch tips once the plant matures to at least 10 years of age. My 9 year old original plants are just starting to produce in 2017 with many buds set for next grow season. Full sun. Zone 3
Originating at Suncrest Gardens, PA as a witch's broom in the 90s, this beauty is a slow-growing, dwarf compact upright with gorgeous 1/2" silver-blue needles. Annual growth can be 2-3" tipped with distinctive orange/brown buds. In ten years 24"H x 20"W. Full sun. Zone 3
Here's a unique Pacific NW spruce that only grows in the Siskiyou Mtns near the Pacific Ocean at elevations of 3500' to 7000' where it is warm and dry in the summer & cool and wet with high snowfall in the winter. This beautiful cultivar is from Talon Buchholz, OR who propagated it from a witch's broom found the wild. It's a slow-growing densely-layered pyramid with new slight ascending branches clothed in 1" emerald and silver needles. It is only on the newly ascending growth that one can appreciate the two rows of silver stomata-filled needle facets because they are on top at this point with the emerald green below out of sight. It isn't until the branches mature and lay out horizontally, twisting slightly so the emerald side of the needles is finally on top and in view. The bottom three-quarters of the tree is dark green, the top quarter is silver. Annual growth can be 4-6" producing a 5'H x 3'W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 5-6. Amazing cultivar!
What an addition to the landscape and the bonsai display! This dense, conical, dwarf Sakhalin spruce cultivar can grow 3-5" per year with 3/8" bluish-green needles that tightly surround the branches. The ten year old pictured here looks much older than it really is with rich brown trunk bark and reddish-brown shoots with resinous tip buds. In 10 years time 5'H x 4'W. Full sun. Zone 6. A Wabi Sabi Favorite with all the bells and whistles of the red ezo spruce!
A selected seedling of Sakhalin spruce, this is a slow-growing, compact, globe-shaped shrub that eventually forms a leader and becomes a dwarf conical tree. Foliage is clean looking with silver/blue-green 1/2" needles that completely surround the young reddish-brown branches. Listed in the US 1988 by Mitsch Nursery, OR after receiving material from Japan. Growing 4-6" annually, a 4.5'H x 3'W tree can be enjoyed in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 6
Originated as a witch's broom discovered by Gunter Horstmann in the '70s, this dwarf Serbian Spruce is a dense mounding plant growing 1.5" per year and showing 3/8" dark green needles with silver stomata lines on the undersides. Guenther' will become more conical with age to a height of 3'H x 2'W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 5
Originated by Kuck and listed by Horstmann, this pendulous Serbian Spruce needs to be staked for height which it can increase at a rate of one foot per year. In ten years it can be 8-9' tall. With pendulous branches clothed in medium green needles with silver stomata lines covering the undersides, 'Kuck Weeping' is a remarkable statement for the landscape. Full sun. Zone 5
Originating from Liberec, Czech Republick in the '90s, this plant is a dense globose dwarf showing dark green needles with silver-blue stomata on the undersides. Annual growth can be 1-3" producing a globe 20"H x 20"W in 10 years.
From a witch's broom discovered 1996 by Gunther Eschrich in Germany, this one's a compact flattened globe until it sends up a central leader then becomes more conical. Annual growth can be 1.5-3" covered with 1/2" silvery blue-green leaves. In 10 years 2'H x 3'W. Listed Kenwith Nursery, UK 2003. Full sun. Zone 5
From a witches' broom discovered by Weil Linssen, The Netherlands, this dwarf upright oriental spruce is slow-growing with an annual growth of 2-3". The 1/4" spring foliage is a bright greenish gold which persists throughout the grow season into the winter when it becomes a medium green. Mature bark is grey. In ten years expect a 30"H x 20"W globe. Full sun. Zone 5
Originating in the 60s by Layne Ziegenfuss, PA, 'Hillside is a slow-growing, dense globe becoming a pyramid with age. Blue-grey 3/4" needles adorn branching that can grow as much as 2-3" annually. 30"H x 24"W in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 3.
Originating as a selected seedling at Sester Farms, OR, 'S.D.' is a compact dwarf pyramid with 3/4" grey-blue needles. Annual growth can be 3-4" producing a stout-looking 3'H x 2'W tree. Full sun. Zone 3
Discovered as a witch's broom by Jerry Morris in Colorado, 'Angel' is a dwarf, narrow, upright cultivar with slightly twisted ascending branches. The 1" needles are a bright green, densely arranged on branches and persist no more than 3 years. Annual growth can be 2-5" resulting in a 4'H x 2'W unique conifer in 10 years. Full sun. Zone 2
Another excellent listing from Buchholz & Buchholz, OR. This dwarf jack pine is an irregular upright with lots of natural movement in the trunkline and branching. Regular green jack pine 1" needles on branches that grow 3-5" per year. In ten years expect a 3'H x 3'W gem in the landscape. Full sun Zone 3
I've been dreaming of building small-medium upright red pine bonsai for a long time now and lo and behold back in '07 one of my old Oregon grower buddies gifted me a dwarf seedling densiflora he'd chosen from a large batch of 3 year olds he'd germinated. Turns out after another 4 years of growth in the ground, it's just what I've wanted to work with. The annual growth is a consistent 3 " in the apex and 2" in the horizontal branching. The medium green needles are 2" in length and reduce easily when using the smaller tip buds. After 10 years of growth one can expect a 24"H x 24"W dwarf upright red pine. Full sun. Zone 4
Discovered growing in the mountains near Sarajevo, Bosnia in 1926 by Eugen Smidt. This is a very slow-growing, compact Bosnian pine of 1-3" annual trunk and branching clothed in 1.75" bright green needles in pairs. 'Smidtii' is a very attractive addition to the sunny rock garden attaining 14"H x 14"W in 10 years. Zone 3.
One of many excellent cultivars from seed introduced in the '70s by Dr. Bob Tichnor, Dept of Hort. OR State Research Center. I've been growing and propagating this one for twenty-five years. Cuttings root easily. It's a beauty in the landscape and great for bonsai creation. 1.5" medium green needles cover 3-5" annual branch growth resulting in a dense globe measuring 30"H x 36"W. Full sun. Zone 2 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
From a selected seedling by my dear friend and mentor John Mitsch in 1974, this dwarf compact mound with 1" emerald green needles and white resinous winter buds is quite a sight in December. My 30 year old specimen is a real focal point. Growing 2" per year, a ten year old can be 20" tall and 40" wide. Full sun. Zone 2
Another fine offering from Andy Sherwood of OR in 1950. One of the very best large compact dwarf mountain pines. A rather tall dwarf globe with rich dark green needles and excellent bud and small cone display. Ten year old plant can be 20"H x 48"W. Full sun. Zone 2 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
From a seedling selection by my friend and mentor Ed Wood, OR, this dwarf upright starts out as a mound but soon starts up multiple leaders and begins its journey toward a 15"H x 20"W globe in ten years time. The 1.5" dark green needles have a slight curve to their structure and are quite dense along the branching which can grow 2-3" per year. Full sun. Zone 3
This unique mugo cultivar originated in Denmark by Arne Jakobsen in the late 1980s. The 1" dark green needles can be clumped tightly together while the buds are often arranged in a single row and in some cases form fasciated type branches. Annual growth is 2-4" producing erratic shapes where some plants are upright while others form wide, low-growing structures that eventually become more uprights 15"H x 24"W in 10 years time. Full sun. Zone 2
Introduced in 1992 in The Netherlands by Weil Linssen, this compact, globose pine sports 1" deep green needles on branches that grow 2-3" per year. One can expect a 24"H x 24"W gem in 10 years time in the landscape. Full sun. Zone 3
Introduced in 1995 by Don Hatch, UK, 'BP' is a handsome dwarf pyramid that can be 3'H x 3'W in 10 years. The 3" needles in pairs are a very dark green and when combined with the white winter buds, can become a stunning addition to the full sun landscape. The trunk and branching can grow as much as 3-5" per year. A Wabi Sabi Favorite! Zone 4
Introduced by Jim Boyko, OR and named for his wife, 'JG' is a dwarf slow-growing, dense mound of 2" medium green needles covering 2-3" branching. In ten years, 24"H x 36"W. Full sun Zone 4
From a witch's broom discovered in Poland comes this dwarf globose Austrian pine. 'Bambino' as it’s sometimes called here in the US is formed with stout trunk and branches covered with bright green 2" needles and grows 3-4" per year. In 10 years grow time expect a 3'H x 3'W emerald gem. Full sun. Zone 4
A magnificent dwarf upright with excellent Shikoku Island, Japan parentage, this one is a Wabi Sabi Favorite. It is becoming very popular here in the states. To see it is to want it! Clothed in 1.25" dark blue-green/silver needles on horizontal branching that carry tiny cones in place at an early age, is an extremely pleasing look. 'Kinpo' is a remarkable yatsabusa form that can put on 3-4" a year and will easily find a place of honor in the landscape and in the bonsai collection. In 10 years 30"H x 24"W. Full sun. Zone 5
A compact upright slow-growing Japanese white pine used in Japan for bonsai and niwaki. Exhibiting a narrow growth habit and a beautifully tiered branch system, Kokonoe sports short, slightly curved bluish green needles and at an early age, provides small cones with viable seed as another wonderful feature to this remarkable old yatsubusa form of goyo-matsu. In 10 years 4'H x 2'W. Full sun. Zone 5
Fukuzumi is a unique yatsabusa parviflora you can always recognize in the landscape because it grows on a slant. It's an early one to cone so lots of purple pollen flowers in the late spring. An old cultivar with parentage from Shikoku Island, Japan known as 'Fukujubi' now in USA as 'Fukuzumi' is a dense slanter with recurved silver-blue needles. It's a one of a kind for the landscape. Once containerized for bonsai training, the needles will reduce in size easily. In 10 years you can expect 3'H x 4'W. Full sun Zone 5
This one's a natural occurring five-needle pine from the mountains of Fukushima Prefecture. I've enjoyed this one for twenty-some years having propagated it and used it in the landscape and created many fine Azuma bonsai. With 1.5" blu-green/silver needles and an annual growth of 3-5", a 10 year old tree in the ground can be 3.5' x 2.5' in size. This one is a prolific pine cone maker from 5 years old onward. Most seed is viable if collected in August of the second year of development. I've selected a few unique dwarf seedlings already. Full sun. Zone 5 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
'WS' was gifted to me in '93 as a no-name diminutive four year old seedling parviflora in a 4" pot by the outstanding Oregon plantsman and my dear friend Ed Wood. He knew I was just beginning my grafting career for bonsai and wanted to start me off with a notable conifer variety. Here it is in the first photo twenty years later, a mature 8' x 7' specimen with the same size 10 mm green needles it had grown when I received it. 'WS' can grow 10" apical growth in good years with 2-4" showing on the side branching. The needles on these long shoots can be as long as 18 mm and persist for two years while the four whorl branches at the ends of the 10" shoots still retain those 10 mm needles. In 10 years you can expect a tree 4'H x 3'W. Full sun. Zone 5
A Wabi Sabi Favorite, Nasu-Goyo is a gorgeous dwarf pine to view in the landscape and a great variety to work with for developing excellent pine bonsai. A natural occurring strain from Mt. Nasu of Tochigi Prefecture, Japan, this rarely seen and highly prized parviflora is an irregular upright with lots of trunk and branch movement as it grows and ages. Most older limbs are held horizontally with beautiful silver/grey-blue needles that can measure between 0.75" to 1.5". Annual growth can be anywhere from 2"-4" in the branching to 10"-12" in the apex. Many wonderful cultivars have been derived from Nasu-Goyo seed including the world renown 'Zuisho'. Our eighteen year old specimen pictured is seven feet tall and wide. It has been producing cones for five years with lots of viable seeds available. In 10 years you can expect a 5'H x 4'W pine. Full sun Zone 5
This species has been highly prized in Japan for well over four hundred years to create magnificent pine bonsai and exciting plantings in the landscape. Thriving in regions of Hiroshima prefecture at altitudes of 1000 to over 5000 feet, Miyajima will not do well in areas of extreme high humidity and scorching summer temperatures. Slightly curved 1-2" needles in clusters of five are 3-sided displaying a blue-green outer surface and 2 silver-colored inner surfaces giving the tree an overall blue appearance. Branches are ascending when young and later more horizontal with added age and weight. This conical-to-round crowned pine can easily grow to a height of 40' left on its own in increments of 4-10” annually and will probably reach 4' high and 2' wide in 10 years. This abundant cone-producing pine with lots of viable seeds allows one to propagate and offer starters to admirers and collectors. Miyajima responds very well to pruning so building and shaping artistic forms for the landscape is always a rewarding adventure! Full sun to keep compact. Zone 5
From the frozen wilds of Russia and introduced by Jorg Kohout, Germany, this unique sylvestris is an irregular upright with slightly contorting branches covered with medium green 1.5" needles that turn an attractive orange-yellow after several weeks of freezing temps. Annual growth is 3-6" producing a 4'H x 3'W tree in 10 years of growth. Full sun. Zone 3
From a selected seedling by Jim Lewis, OR, 'GP' is a very dense broad-based conical dwarf Scots pine with green 1" needles. It has 2 growth cycles, the regular spring burst of 3-5"and then a minute summer push with small flower-like foliage. A ten year plant can be 3.5'H x 2'W. Full sun. Zone 3 I am offering 7 year old trained specimens in one gallon cans that are 12" tall with 1" trunks at this excellent price! Enjoy
A Wabi Sabi favorite, Gyokoho is my most popular regular-barked thunbergii. It's a yatsubusa variety so you can count on six to eight buds at every branch whorl plus dwarf growth habit meaning short internode spaces and shorter needles than the norm. Gyokoho is unmistakable in the appearance of the branch tips and the orange-brown coloration of the bark. Of interest to bonsai artists, this cultivar has a strong affinity for the 6 o'clock bottom branch in whorls which is usually the first one to wither from lack of light on most 2-needle pine. It is such a useful branch to build with and here they are in abundance! Photo #2 depicts the unique way the tip-needles lay-out flat like flower petals at the branch ends revealing the yatsubusa grouping of new buds. Needles are medium to light green in color and measure anywhere from one and a half to three inches in length. Gyokoho is a dwarf upright with a vibrant single trunk. Full sun for a nice compact appearance. In ten years (HxW): 7' x 4'. Zone 5
A long time coming but definitely worth the wait! My old bonsai buddy Mr. Matsubara told me quite a while ago that if I wanted to grow and offer a nice looking rough-barked Okinakabu for sale it would be a lengthy endeavor. Sixteen years have passed since I styled a twenty-year old Okinakabu for an old customer of mine. It was in the winter so I grafted a few choice one-year old trimmings and got started on the journey. Here it is 2018 already and yes I can finally see the fruit of my labor this past decade and a half. The top photo displays my twelve-year old original 'O', untouched and content growing in a forty-five gallon container. It stands about seven feet tall with good branching and healthy four inch needles. It coned last year for the very first time which is a good sign. The bottom photo taken recently displays the sixteen year old section of 'Okinakabu' which originally was the scion I inserted into the understock. I am impressed with the quality and configuration of the bark I see here so far... It appears that the 'O' rough-bark cells are infiltrating the rootcrown of the black pine understock! In ten years (HxW): 7' x 4'. Full sun. Zone 5
Pinus thunbergii 'ShunSho'. In ten years (HxW): 8' x 3'. A dwarf black pine with short thick needles. This unusual dwarf black is like no other. Everything about SS is thick and stubby, namely the needles, the branching and the annual growth, which is between eight and twelve inches per year. The new deep green ...
thunbergii var. corticosa
The Queen of the corticosa black pines with extreme cork bark fans, clothed in slender light green needles and crowned with pearl-tipped branch buds is named Taihei, the Japanese nishiki aristocrat that can grow upright at a rate of 8-16 inches a year if she has a mind to. Nishiki black pine have thick deep fissured corky bark. Taihei is a bit slow to cork-up here in the Pacific NW even with full sun exposure. Bark activity eventually shows on all the branch internodal spaces of the sixth or seventh year of growth. As time progresses she will really begin to impress as the bark gradually develops on the lower trunk as well. The 'river water cork' wings grow longitudinally on three or four pathways up the trunkline and out along all the branching. Every growing season beyond eight years adds more height, thickness and length to the wings so eventually they extend outward from the trunk and branch surfaces one to two inches in a continuous flow along those longitudinal lines with some sections randomly twisting artistically out of alignment. A thirty year old Taihei is an incredible sight to behold! The photos illustrate this incredible growth pattern. Twelve old bark can be seen in photo #2. The top photo is of our original 10 year old Taihei purchased from my friend Mr. Matsubara in 1992 with the photo here taken in 2002 illustrating 20 year old bark. And it just gets better from here on out! Graft unions are meticulously created at the root crown so cork bark appears at the surface root spread. All kuro matsu respond well to pruning and shaping making them wonderful focal points in the landscape or the container/bonsai garden. In ten years 9'H x 6'W. Full sun. Zone 5
Ondae #1 is the earliest corking black pine I grow and train for bonsai. The changing bark is apparent at the end of the third grow season and gets way better from there. It's an outstanding variety with an easily recognizable bark pattern.The River Water cork bark appears longitudinally along trunks and branches with reddish/brown fissuring. Ondae #1 is of the three winged type pattern. In time they will grow out from the trunk surface to nearly 2" in height. The needles are typical Thunbergii at 4" in length and reduce down to half or one-quarter size easily depending on which of the smaller candles are chosen to build with. Ondae #1 possesses lots of horizontal tendencies so slant and cascade styles are obtainable with little effort. It's a one of a kind Nishiki black for sure!
A most extraordinary find...a Japanese black pine! Late spring 2001 was when I was searching field-grown black pine nursery operations in S. Canby/Woodburn, Or. for neglected stock for a one hundred tree niwaki project I wanted to get underway. Niwaki is the larger trained-sculpted trees found in REAL Japanese gardens. I figured it was a ten+ year investment. The second day in I discovered an unusual-barked seven year old that I tagged and inquired about. It wasn't for sale but yes I could take scionwood in the winter, three pieces, no more! Those three all knitted for me that winter. Little did I know they would become 'Wabi Sabi San' an incredible yatsubusa corticosa (a multi-budded cork bark) gem.
This corticosa is the most flexible black pine I have ever encountered! One of my favorite lecture/demos on pine training is a complete first styling of a raw Wabi Sabi San using just my Felcos. In an hour or less a ten year old can end up looking more like a twenty-five year old without using bonsai wire or guys. Wabi Sabi has the ability to push out fresh new buds all the way back to dormant seven year older branch whorls. WSS will also set buds mid span on most perimeter internode spaces as long as there are five-six needle bundles still in place behind the timely cuts. WS is the only cork bark I know that will consistently produce top, bottom and side branches at nearly every whorl and always show strong support for the bottom branch anywhere on the tree, even in the heavily shaded parts.
Wabi Sabi San is a very vigorous yet friendly yat corticosa for the bonsai/niwaki artist. With a few years of growth momentum underway you'll find at any branch tip, a somewhat typical yatsubusa new growth arrangement consisting of one center terminal shoot eight to twelve inches long surrounded by two shorter pairs of five inch shoots and then in between these two pair, a two inch set of three shoots. All total, eight branches, three sizes, lots of styling options. Adding in the flexibility factor, the creative level comes way up. Full sun for WSS to insure the availability of all the yatsubusa options. WSS sold out quicker than expected. A few more available for fall 2018. Left to its own... in 10 years 8'H x 5'W. Zone 5
A superb nishiki pine for the landscape and bonsai collection. I was fortunate to acquire four young Yamaki in the late 80s from a bonsai grower in Sacramento. They were growing on their own roots which really got my attention! The grey cork bark is rugged and persistent with reddish-brown fissures early on which later turn almost black on both trunk and branching. Yamaki sports tri-wing bark on all parts of the tree. The branching with short internodes spaces is semi-yatsubusa in structure with five small side shoots plus the large terminal one showing at most vigorous branch tips. The needles are a medium green with lengths anywhere from 3-4" which will reduce in size when building with the smaller candles. The first picture illustrates a nine and ten year old tree section. The second photo shows Yamaki's upright growth habit. Full sun for this one too if you want great bark! In 10 years 6'H x 4'W. Zone 5 More 1 Gal for fall 2018.
Whether in the landscape or a bonsai collection this cultivar is one of the best to experience and enjoy. The cork bark runs longitudinally throughout the trunks and branches and begins to appear during the fourth year of growth. Mature bark, which takes approximately twenty-five years to fully form, is definitely worth waiting for. It is very thick, rugged and extremely persistent. KY growth habit is conical and very dense if left to its own devise. Needles produced from the long central candle of a whorl can be a long as 6". A ten year old can be 4'H x 4'W. Full sun for all the corticosa members. Zone 5.
An graceful, irregular, dwarf upright with medium green 1.5" needles and adorned with prominent white/silver resin-coated buds. Annual growth can be 3-5" resulting in a 3.5'H x 3'W 10 year old beauty in the full sun landscape. Zone 5 A Wabi Sabi Favorite!
Discovered as a witch's broom in the Czech Republic in 1989, this little gem is a dwarf globe with 1" gray-green slightly curved needles on branches growing 1.5" annually. In ten years: 12"H x 12"W. Full sun. Zone 5
Discovered as an unusual seedling near Port Jervis, NJ, this landscape beauty is a dense, upright slow-grower with irregular branching and trunk growth. 3/8" dark green foliage is congested at the branch tips. Annual growth can be 2-4" producing a 3'H x 2'W plant in ten years. Full sun/partial afternoon shade. Zone 4.
The very best of the mounding spreaders, 'Elizabeth' was discovered on Mt Rainier in the 1940s. The 1/2" needles are a greenish-blue and can become more powder blue when mature. She can grow as much as 6" per year and produce a magnificent 18"H x 48"W gem in 10 years of growth. Full sun. Zone 5
The magnificent mountain hemlock of western North America from the Pacific Coast to the Rocky Mountains and coastal Alaska to 9000' in the Sierra Nevada is without a doubt my most favorite native conifer. Unfortunately is performs poorly in many parts of the US, thriving in warm and somewhat damp but certainly not constant high humidity combined with high temps. The northern subspecies produces grey-green needles. The southern subsp. range from Central Oregon on southward displays more of the grey-blue foliage. Growing to heights ranging from 30' to 120', they respond favorably to pruning and transplanting. The Pacific NW's most beautiful conifer does very well here at sea level. I permit and collect them in the Southern Cascades at 6-7K feet and then acclimate them for a couple of years before offering them locally for sale. Their blue foliage gets more intense the longer they stay here in the field beds mixed with compost. They go from 1-2" of alpine annual growth to 6-10" at sea level along Puget Sound. Full sun/partial shade. Zone 5
I offer 40-60 year old specimens which are 5-10' tall and are available Jan-March, freshly dug and ready for replanting. Prices start at $90 and run up to $350. There are singles, doubles and some triple trunks as well.
By appointment only